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SALYUT


The Salyut was the first attempt by the Soviet camera industry to produce a sophisticated medium format camera. It was probably a near copy of the Hasselblad 1600. The Soviets claimed that both the Hasselblad and the Saliut were derived from a Nazi prototype, however none of these supposed forerunners have ever been seen so this origin is dubious. These cameras were very expensive at 400 Rubles, which represented 6 months salary to the average Soviet citizen. The Mir-3 cost 240 Rubles. This means that production was very limited and these cameras and lenses are rare. Production started in 1957 or 1958 and ended in 1973 with three variations. Variation one has a top speed of 1500 and a self-timer. Variation two has a top speed of 1500 and no self-timer. Variation three has a top speed of 1000. Variation three can also be found marked Zenit 80 and were produced for TO&E in England. The Zenit 80 has a slightly modified lens mount and will accept and function with the later lenses.

The camera came in a brown leather case with the waist level finder, 2 backs, a neck strap and 3 filters. A press on lens cap was also provided in black plastic with Salyut in raised letters. The filters are a light yellow, a medium yellow and an orange in 40.5mm. The lens takes an adapter cone that allows the use of 40.5mm filters. Interestingly the film backs for my 1958 Saliut do not have serial numbers. The backs for my 1972 Saliut have the same serial number as the camera , the second with an A added. The lens mount in these cameras is semi automatic. It is not the same as the later cameras and has different linkages. Although the lens mounts are similar this series of lenses will not work automatically with the Salyut-S and the Kiev88 and vice versa. I have never seen a Hasselblad 1600 and am unable to say if it is the same. The Industar-29 and the Mir-3 are semi-automatic and have a lever which must be cocked for each shot. The Tair-33 is a typical preset lens and will work with the later cameras.


Caution:
When changing shutter speeds, to prevent damage to the camera, the film must be advanced first. Next, remember to turn the knob clockwise only..



Salyut Manual
Technical Specifications

Film Size: 120
Image Size: 6X6 cm(2.25X2.25 in)
Dimensions:
height:10.5 cm
width: 11.5 cm
depth: 17.5 cm
weight: 1526 g
Normal lens:Industar-29
Lens Mount: Salyut
Typical serial no: 5800751, 7202889

{Front of Saluit} {side of Saluit} {side of Saluit}
{top of Saluit} {rear of Saluit} { Case for Saluit}

SALYUT S


The Saliut-S featured a modified lens mount that has the same thread and adds the familiar plunger for diaphragm setting. This allows full automation of the lenses and the use of extension tubes and a teleconverter. Production started in about 1972 and ended in 1980. This is essentially the same camera as rest of the Kiev series. I have a Zenith -80 that was made in 1974 that has both lens automation systems and is some sort of intermediary.

Caution:
1.The shutter should be released before changing lenses to prevent damage to the lens.
2. When changing shutter speeds, to prevent damage to the camera, the film must be advanced first. Next, remember to turn the knob clockwise only..




Salyut Manual
Technical Specifications

Film Size: 120
Image Size: 6X6 cm(2.25X2.25 in)
Dimensions:
height: 10cm
width: 11cm
depth:17.5cm
Weight: 1520g
Normal lens:Vega-12B 90mm f2.8
Lens Mount: B
Typical serial no: 7906665

{Front of saluits} {Side of saluits}
{case for saluits}

Kiev-80/Kiev-88/Kiev-88 TTL


The Kiev-80 is essentially the Saliut-S with a new nameplate. The Kiev-88 adds a hot shoe for Flash. Either of these cameras could be a TTL with the addition of the metered prism. Production of the Kiev-80 started in 1975 and ended in 1980 with the start of the production of the Kiev-88. With the battery adapter in place the TTL prism uses four PX625 mercury batteries(the two that I have work fine with four EPX625A alkaline).

Caution:
When changing shutter speeds, to prevent damage to the camera, the film must be advanced first. Next, remember to turn the knob clockwise only..



Salyut Manual
Technical Specifications

Film Size: 120
Image Size: 6X6 cm(2.25X2.25 in)
Dimensions:
height: 10cm
width: 11cm
depth: 17.5cm
Weight: 1536g
Normal lens: MC Volna-B 80mm f2.8
Lens Mount: B
Typical serial no: 8800025

{Front of Kiev 88} {top of Kiev 88} {Case for Kiev 88}

KIEV 90


It has been said that you should always have a goal that is at the limit of your reach. Unfortunately the KIEV-90 was just beyond the reach of the factory. The vast majority of these cameras do not work properly. Production started in 1987 and ended in 1990. This was a tremendously sophisticated electronic camera considering that only mechanical cameras had been previously manufactured. This is a semi-automatic or manual exposure camera. It has electronic connection between the camera and the magazine to set the film speed. I have found it to be quite accurate in the automatic mode. The lens mount has been modified to allow the camera to read the aperture. There were plans to provide a full range of lenses but if they were produced no one has seen them. The lenses have a meter coupling prong. The camera uses two 3 volt batteries.

kiev90 review



Salyut Manual
Technical Specifications

Film Size: 120
Image Size: 4.5X6 cm
Dimensions:
height: 10cm
width: 12.5cm
depth: 16cm
Weight: 1536g
Normal lens:MC Volna-3 80mm f2.8
Lens Mount: B or 3
Typical serial no: 8800025

{Front of k90} {angle on k90} {side of k90}
{bottom of k90} {rear of Kiev 90} {case for k90}

KIEV 6C


In the early 1970s the powers that be at Arsenal decided to make a camera to compete with the East German Praktisix. The result was the Kiev-6S.Although the cameras look similar all that they have in common is the lens Mount. Production started in 1971and ended in 1980. These cameras are known to exist in 4.5X6( apparently all are post factory modifications). The camera has several unique features including a left-hand shutter release and an off center film advance. The Soviets decided to sell the camera as a complete system and not as individual components. The set included the camera and lens, Case 2 filters(yellow-green and ultraviolet, a body cap, a rear lens cap, waist level and prism viewfinder, two extension tubes (.35mm and .4mm) and a neck strap.



Salyut Manual
Technical Specifications

Film Size: 120
Image Size: 6X6 cm(2.25X2.25 in)
Dimensions:
height: 15cm
width: 17cm
depth: 14.5cm
Weight: 1793g
Normal lens: Vega-12b 90mmf2.8
Lens Mount: Praktisix (b )
Typical serial no: 7603304

{Front of Kiev Six S} {Back of Kiev Six S} {Top of Kiev Six S}
{Bottom of Kiev Six S} {Case for Kiev Six S}
KIEV 6C TTL
With the introduction of the metered prism the camera had the name and nameplate changed. The film tensioning springs were also changed. Production started in 1980 and ended in 1986. These cameras are known to exist in 4.5X6( apparently all are post factory modifications). With the battery adapter in place the TTL prism uses three PX625 mercury batteries(the two that I have work fine with three EPX625A alkaline).



Salyut Manual
Technical Specifications

Film Size: 120
Image Size: 6X6 cm(2.25X2.25 in)
Dimensions:
height: 15cm
width: 17cm
depth: 14.5cm
Weight: 1793g
Normal lens: Vega-12b 90mmf2.8
Lens Mount: Praktisix (b )
Typical serial no: 8303099

{Front of Kiev Six S TTL } {Rear of Kiev Six S TTL } {Top of Kiev Six S TTL }
{Bottom of Kiev Six S TTL } {Case for Kiev Six S TTL}
KIEV 60
The Kiev-60 was a significant redesign of the camera. It was changed to a right hand shutter release, an accessory shoe was added, and a new latch was added for the back. The case was changed to black and the capability to use 220 film, always extremely hard to get in the east block, was deleted. Production started in 1984 and continues. These cameras are known to exist in4.5X6 ( apparently all are post factory modifications). With the battery adapter in place the TTL prism uses three PX625 mercury batteries(the two that I have work fine with three EPX625A alkaline)



Salyut Manual
Technical Specifications

Film Size: 120
Image Size: 6X6 cm(2.25X2.25 in)
Dimensions:
height: 15cm
width: 17cm
depth: 14.5cm
Weight: 1793g
Normal lens: MC Volna-b 80mm f2.8
Lens Mount: Praktisix (b)
Typical serial no: 8905863

{Front of Kiev 60} {Rear of Kiev 60} {Top of Kiev 60}
{bottom of Kiev 60} {ased Kiev 60}

© Nathan Dayton 2000