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Panoramic Cameras



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FT-2(a)


This camera was the first soviet panorama camera to be put into full production. It uses a curved film plane and a sweeping lens to minimize distortion. These cameras used a special film cassette with the film moving from one cassette to the other. This makes rewinding unnecessary. If as is often the case, one or both of the cassettes is missing the camera is not usable. There is no source of cassettes and to get them you would have to buy another camera.

The front of the camera has no controls only a well where the lens is recessed. The top has all the controls for this camera. In the front left corner is the wind knob. In the left rear corner is a data plate containing in instructions for setting the semaphore shutter adjust. It is interesting that only three settings are shown and the fourth, which is 50, is not. Perhaps there just was not room. In the front center is a chromed lever set in a shallow well over the lens. This is the lens and shutter set lever. Behind this are the two chromed levers that are used to set shutter speeds. Centered behind them is the bubble level. In the right front is a chrome button for shutter release and behind it is a shallow well with a chromed lever for the film counter.

The back is a U shaped piece of metal. It has a black stamped metal viewfinder in the center and nickel plated clips on each side to attach it to the body. Inside the back is a curved metal plate covered with cloth which serves as the pressure plate. On the bottom of a three eights tripod bushing and the primary identification feature of this model the spring tension adjust. This is a dial numbered from 0 to 10. Its purpose is to adjust the tension on the timing spring to maintain shutter speed accuracy. It moves in one direction only and if it has reached 10 the speeds can no longer be adjusted. This camera has several minor variations in the engraving as to placement and type of letters but no major variations.. The case for this camera is a square brown (rarely black) plastic case with a velvet lining but no markings.



Technical Specifications

Film Size: 35mm
Image Size: : 24x110mm
Dimensions:
height: 5.8cm
width: 12.6cm
depth: 8.8cm
weight: 717gm
Normal lens: Industar-50 5cm f5
Lens Mount: fixed
Filter size: N/A
Typical serial no: 591091

{Front of FT-2(a)} {rear of FT-2(a)} {top of FT-2(a)}
{bottom of FT-2(a)}

FT-2(b)


There are two main identification points for the second model. First there is no adjustment dial on the bottom and second the wind lever has two wings. The shutter spring assembly has been changed and the new design is much more reliable. If you want to use the camera this model is much more reliable. The case for this camera is a square brown plastic case with an FT-2 logo impressed in the flap.



Technical Specifications

Film Size: 35mm
Image Size: 24x110mm
Dimensions:
height: 5.8cm
width: 12.6cm
depth: 8.8cm
weight: 710gm
Normal lens: Industar-50 5cm f5
Lens Mount: fixed
Filter size: N/A
Typical serial no: 64370

{Front of FT-2(b)} {rear of FT-2(b)} {top of FT-2(b)}
{bottom of FT-2(b)}

Horizont


This is the second major Soviet design for a panorama camera. It is basically a redesign of the FT-2. Like the FT-2 it uses a curved film plane and a sweeping lens. But there the similarity ends as it is much more modern looking and uses a removable optical view finder. There are three different handles for this camera, the earliest had a round solid aluminum handle. The next had the round aluminum handle with a compartment for the filter and the majority have a black square tapered handle. The rarest accessory for these cameras are the filters. There are a yellow green and a skylight filter in a square black holder with a flat spring on one side. They are extremely rare I have seen over 100 cameras and only one filter. Apparently, although they were provided with the camera, they have all been lost.

The camera is finished in chrome and black with black nylon fabric. The front of the camera bulges for the lens assembly. In the upper left corner is an accessory shoe for the viewfinder and in the upper left is the name plate. The name plate is always divided into two sections, with the top being chromed and the bottom a solid color and with reverse colored lettering. The name plate is always divided into two sections, with the top being chromed and the bottom a solid color and with reverse colored lettering. The most common nameplate has Horizont on top and the KMZ symbol on the bottom. Occasionally you will see Horizont Revue made for German distribution. It can also be found marked Global-H

On each corner is a rotating shoulder strap lug. On the top right is a recessed rewind knob that pops up. It is normally covered by the viewfinder. In the center over the lens is a set of stacked control knobs. On the top is a film reminder. Next is the aperture control with settings of 2.8, 4, 5.6, 8, 11 and 16. The bottom dial is thee shutter speed dial with settings of 30, 60, 125 and 250. On early cameras 250 is not engraved there is just a dot but the speed is there. On the right is a threaded shutter release and a wind knob with film counter.

On the bottom is a quarter inch tripod bushing and film release button. The handle screws into this bushing.



Technical Specifications

Film Size: 35mm
Image Size: 24x58mm
Dimensions:
height: 8.2cm
width: 15.6cm
depth: 6.8cm
weight: 815gm
Normal lens: OF-28N
Lens Mount: fixed
Filter size: special supplied
Typical serial no: 6701168

{Front of Horizont} {rear of Horizont} {top of Horizont}
{bottom of Horizont} {Revue Horizont} {top of Horizont (b)}

© Nathan Dayton 2000